Frankfurt, Germany

Some pertinent information about Federal Republic of Germany

National name: Bundesrepublik Deutschland

President: Horst Köhler (2004)

Chancellor: Angela Merkel (2005)

Land area: 135,236 sq mi (350,261 sq km)
Total area: 137,846 sq mi (357,021 sq km)

Population (2007 est.): 82,400,996 (growth rate: 0.0%)
Birth rate: 8.2/1000
Infant mortality rate: 4.1/1000
Life expectancy: 79.0
Density per sq mile: 609

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Berlin (capital since Oct. 3, 1990), 3,933,300 (metro. area), 3,274,500 (city proper)

Other large cities: Hamburg, 1,686,100; Munich, 1,185,400; Cologne, 965,300; Frankfurt, 648,000; Essen, 588,800; Dortmund, 587,600; Stuttgart, 581,100; Düsseldorf, 568,900; Bremen, 527,900; Hanover, 516,300; Duisburg, 513,400

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly Deutsche mark)

Language: German

Ethnicity/race: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, Italian 0.7%, Greek 0.4%, Polish 0.4%, other 4.6%

Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Islam 4%, Unaffiliated or other 28%

Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)

Economic summary:

GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $2.81 trillion; per capita $34,200.
Real growth rate: 2.5%.
Inflation: 2.3%.
Unemployment: 8.4%.
Arable land: 34%.
Agriculture: potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; cattle, pigs, poultry. Labor force: 43.63 million; industry 33.4%, agriculture 2.8%, services 63.8% (1999). Industries: among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles. Natural resources: iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel, arable land.
Exports: $1.361 trillion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, textiles.
Imports: $1.21 tillion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, metals.
Major trading partners: France, U.S., UK, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Spain, China (2006).

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 54.2 million (2006); mobile cellular: 84.3 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 51, FM 767, shortwave 4 (1998).
Television broadcast stations: 373 (plus 8,042 repeaters) (1995).
Internet hosts: 16.494 million (2007). Internet users: 38.6 million (2006).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 48,215 km (20,278 km electrified) (2006).
Highways: total: 231,581 km; paved: 231,581 km (including 12,200 km of expressways); unpaved: 0 km (2002).
Waterways: 7,467 km (2006); note: Rhine River carries most goods; Main-Danube Canal links North Sea and Black Sea (2004). Ports and harbors: Bremen, Bremerhaven, Brunsbuttel, Duisburg, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Mainz, Rostock, Wilhemshaven. Airports: 550 (2006).

International disputes: none